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Antique Map of North America by Chatelain (50622-1)
Cartographer : Henri Chatelain
Title : Carte de la Nouvelle France, où se voit le cours des Grandes Rivières de S. Laurens & de Mississipi
Date : 1719
Size : 20 3/4in x 17 1/2in (530m x 445m)
Description :

This large beautifully hand coloured original antique map of North America was published by Henri Abraham Chatelain in 1719, in his famous Atlas Historique.
One of the most significant and influential early 18th century maps of North America published by the French to promote French settlements within Louisiana, Mississippi and Canada. The original English US colonial states are also included from New England to The Carolinas as are Spanish interests in the west. But what is most noteworthy is the inclusion of the many American Indian nations stretching from Canada to Florida and New Mexico, with many notes and illustrations throughout the map.
This is a magnificent map with bright hand colouring on clean strong sturdy paper with original margins and a heavy clear impression.
Pricing: Since 1983 there have been 58 recorded sales of this map cumulating in a top price of $3700US in 2010.(Ref: AMPR)

Background: Henri Chatelain's map of the inhabited parts of North America is based upon Nicholas De Fer's landmark 4 sheet map published in 1718. At the top left of the map is large scale map of the Mississippi Delta and Mobile Bay, based upon the 1699 voyage of Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, this inset is also included in De Fer's rare 4 sheet map. D' Ibeville explored the mouth of the Mississippi and its many tributaries, including the Red River in Arkansas. Heidenreich and Dahl surmised that that the the original 4 sheet De Fer map was issued to promoted the recently established Compagnie Francoise Occident and reinforce French opinion in the 1713 boundary settlement. The settlement was initially successful in promoting French emigration to America. However, the financing side of the company, conceived by John Law to help finance the debt left by by Louis XIV, led to a wild burst of speculation and ultimate collapse. This episode is often referred to as the Mississippi Bubble. 
Chatelain's one sheet version of De Fer's map proved very successful and was co
pied by Van Keulen and Ottens.  The map includes a a nice plan and view of Quebec, and fine detail in the Great Lakes and Mississippi.  The map features vignettes and notes throughout.
This map was first issued in Volume 6 of Chatelain's 7 volume Atlas Historique, published between 1705 and 1720. 

Henri Abraham Chatelain (1684 - 1743)
was a Huguenot pastor of Parisian origins. He lived consecutively in Paris, St. Martins, London (c. 1710), the Hague (c. 1721) and Amsterdam (c. 1728).
Chatelain was a skilled artist and knew combining a wealth of historical and geographical information with delicate engraving and an uncomplicated composition. Groundbreaking for its time, this work included studies of geography, history, ethnology, heraldry, and cosmography. His maps with his elegant engraving are a superb example from the golden age of French mapmaking.The publishing firm of Chatelain, Chatelain Frères and Chatelain & Fils is recorded in Amsterdam, from around 1700-1770, with Zacharias living "op den Dam" in 1730.
Henri Abraham Chatelain, his father Zacharie Chatelain (d.1723) and Zacharie Junior (1690-1754), worked as a partnership publishing the Atlas Historique, Ou Nouvelle Introduction à L'Histoire under several different Chatelain imprints, depending on the Chatelain family partnerships at the time of publication. The atlas was published in seven volumes between 1705 and 1720, with a second edition appearing in 1732. The volumes I-IV with a Third edition and volume I with a final edition in 1739.
Henri Abraham Chatelain, whose "Atlas Historique" was one of the most expansive Dutch encyclopedias of the age. First published in 1705, Chatelain's Atlas Historique was part of an immense seven-volume encyclopedia. Although the main focus of the text was geography, the work also included a wealth of historical, political, and genealogical information. The text was compiled by Nicholas Gueudeville and Garillon with a supplement by H.P. de Limiers and the maps were engraved by Chatelain, primarily after charts by De L'Isle. The atlas was published in Amsterdam between 1705 and 1721 and was later reissued by Zacharie Chatelain between 1732 and 1739.

Atlas Historique: First published in Amsterdam from 1705 to 1720, the various volumes were updated at various times up to 1739 when the fourth edition of vol.I appeared, stated as the "dernière edition, corrigée & augmentée."
The first four volumes seem to have undergone four printings with the later printings being the most desirable as they contain the maximum number of corrections and additions. The remaining three final volumes were first issued between 1719-1720 and revised in 1732.
An ambitious and beautifully-presented work, the Atlas Historique was intended for the general public, fascinated in the early eighteenth century by the recently conquered colonies and the new discoveries. Distant countries, such as the Americas, Africa, the Middle East, Mongolia, China, Japan, Indonesia, etc., take an important place in this work.
In addition to the maps, many of which are based on Guillaume De L'Isle, the plates are after the best travel accounts of the period, such as those of Dapper, Chardin, de Bruyn, Le Hay and other.
Other sections deal with the history of the european countries, and covers a wide range of subjects including genealogy, history, cosmography, topography, heraldry and chronology, costume of the world, all illustrated with numerous engraved maps, plates of local inhabitants and heraldic charts of the lineages of the ruling families of the time. The maps, prints and tables required to make up a complete set are listed in detail in each volume.
The accompanying text is in French and often is printed in two columns on the page with maps and other illustrations interspersed. Each map and table is numbered consecutively within its volume and all maps bear the privileges of the States of Holland and West-Friesland.
The encyclopaedic nature of the work as a whole is reflected in this six frontispiece. The pages are the work of the celerated mr. Romeijn de Hooghe. and are engraved by J.Goeree, T.Schynyoet and P.Sluyter.
New scholarship has suggested the compiler of the atlas, who is identified on the title as "Mr. C***" not to be Henri Abraham Châtelain, but Zacharie Châtelain. (See Van Waning's article in the Journal of the International Map Collectors' Society for persuasive evidence of the latter's authorship.)
(Ref: M&B; Tooley)  

General Description:
Paper thickness and quality: - Heavy and stable
Paper color: - White
Age of map color: - Early
Colors used: - Pink, green, yellow, blue
General color appearance: - Authentic 
Paper size: - 20 3/4in x 17 1/2in (530m x 445m)
Plate size: - 19 1/2in x 16 1/2in (500m x 425mm)
Margins: - min. 1/8in (3mm)

Margins: - None
Plate area: - None
Verso: - None

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Condition : (A+) Fine Condition

Price :

Ref. No. :

US$2,750.00 SOLD


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